Pocket knives (which can be sometimes called Jack Knives, Pen Knives, Folding Knives or Multi-Blades) happen to be manufactured commercially in America since in regards to the middle 1800s.
Different Blades Today -
The blades themselves are just about the same as these folks were then, with slight variations according to where you find your knife. Two different finishes were used on older knife blades, glaze and crocus. A glaze finish, the abrasive glued on the final polishing wheel so that the edges and lines look clean. Inexpensive blades are polished by drum tumbling, which produces a very respectable looking finish that is extremely difficult to fake.
Glaze Finishes -
For any glaze finish, the abrasive glued
onto the final polishing wheel was of your very fine powdered emery. A real glaze finish, sometimes known as a 'blue glaze', looks like a series of very fine, even parallel lines at right angles for the main cutting edge of the blade. You can find collectors and dealers who fail to recognize this being an original finish and demand on buffing out.
Crocus Finish -
For the crocus finish, the abrasive around the final wheel was crocus of iron, an exceptionally fine-powdered iron oxide. A crocus polish is known as a mirror finish. It's smooth and glossy and shows undistorted reflections. In comparison, a rag wheel polish yields a wavy surface and distorted reflections.
Do not be deceived -
To avoid being fooled by way of a reworked knife, you need to understand that no old-time commercial knife factory ever used rag buffing wheels. A vintage knife blade or handle that shows the softened edges and slightly wavy surface created by rag wheel buffing has certainly been reworked.
The glaze finish was standard on all low-priced knives, including most plain jack knives and a crocus polish was sometimes used all around around the very finest pearl-handled dress knives, sometimes called "Sunday go-to-meetin' knives".
Collecting Pocket Knives -
If you're hoping to be a serious collector, it is essential that you learn how to recognize authentic crocus and glaze finishes. A skilled dealer or collector could show you the real difference
. A picture on the Internet or in a novel will only take you so far in being aware what the difference from a real plus a fake pocket knife is and just what it will do in order to your collection.
There are many different handle materials to select from to your pocket knives. The most popular may be the pearl or mother-of-pearl handle, which is produced from the interior lining of certain mollusk shells. The same you are the abalone shell which is produced from the interior lining of your gastropod shell.
What Handles are made from -
Now around the endangered list and aren't said to be hunted, ivory handles take time and effort to find. There are faux ivory handles available. Walrus ivory, because of its crystalline appearing core, is only popular with handmade knives and is particularly rare a find, mostly in Alaska and the Russian Arctic.
Tortoise shell, Black Buffalo horn, and Gray or Green Buffalo horns all make beautiful handles and therefore are easier to come by than
A real Stag is definitely the most common pocket knife handle there is certainly, cut of deer or another animal antlers. Sometimes the color is enhanced with dye, which can emit an orange hue.
The shin bone of cattle makes a Smooth White Bone and can be readily distinguished from ivory by its many tiny pores and not enough grain.
Cheap Handles -
Hard rubber just isn't usually used on pocket knives and celluloid is probably the cheapest and most often used now to cut the expense of pocket knives down. Celluloid was the very first molded synthetic plastic, and can be made in many colors. It is also fabricated to simulate most natural materials, including ivory, horn, pearl, tortoise shell and wood. This phenomenal celluloid can be made transparent to pay for photographs laid on the pocketknife, such as an Indian warrior or even a hunting dog.
The latest sharp increase in prices for antique pocketknives, and also other antique knives, has made clever counterfeiting a profitable business.
Counterfeit Knives -
Many counterfeit knives are real knives; however there are several knives which are not even knives whatsoever! Their blades haven't seen heat, their edges never sharpened. Nonetheless, counterfeit knives are only concerned with the markings, the finish and the handle materials. Remember, a low-quality knife with a high-quality name or marking is almost always a fake.
There are numerous sources, for example books, magazines and also the Internet which will show you the true McCoy verses the counterfeit pocket knives. Caution and skepticism should be your tools when beginning and looking after your variety of pocket knives, nevertheless they must not ruin your enjoyment of this fascinating hobby.
- 2014/02/25(火) 18:13:57|
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